|The 'Kimberley Process' was initiated by the Government of South Africa in May 2000 in an effort to grapple with problem of conflict diamonds. Concerned about how diamond-fueled wars in Angola, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo might affect the legitimate trade in other producing countries, more than 50 countries met on a regular basis to develop an international certification system for rough diamonds, along with representatives of the diamond industry and civil society. Partnership Africa Canada played a leadership role during the Kimberley Process negotiations and continues to have an important role on Working Groups and in Plenary meetings.
On January 1, 2003, the international certification system came into effect, worldwide.
Official Kimberley Process Site
Background information on the Kimberley Process, documents from KP meetings, list of participant countries, regulations, etc.
UN Security Council Resolution in support of the Kimberley Process - scroll to Resolution 1459
Resolution supporting the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme for rough diamonds and encouraging the widest possible participation in the scheme. The resolution highlights the importance of conflict prevention through efforts to hinder the fuelling of conflicts by the illicit trade in rough diamonds.
The Essential Guide to Implementing the Kimberley Process
Guide produced by the World Diamond Council that outlines steps that companies in the diamond industry must take to ensure proper implementation of the Kimberley Process. It includes step-by-step compliance checklists for companies throughout the diamond supply chain.
Canadian Trade in Diamonds
Canadian government website for implementing the Kimberley Process. Includes technical information on applying for a Kimberley Process Certificate and background to the Kimberley Process and conflict diamonds.
Bill C-14 - Export and Import of Rough Diamond Act
Canadian legislation passed into law December 5, 2002, providing for controls on the export, import or transit across Canada of rough diamonds, and for a certification scheme for the export of rough diamonds in order to meet Canada's obligations under the Kimberley Process.