|The 'Kimberley Process' was initiated by the Government of South Africa in May 2000 in an effort to grapple with problem of conflict diamonds. Concerned about how diamond-fueled wars in Angola, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo might affect the legitimate trade in other producing countries, more than 50 countries met on a regular basis to develop an international certification system for rough diamonds, along with representatives of the diamond industry and civil society. Partnership Africa Canada played a leadership role during the Kimberley Process negotiations and continues to have an important role on Working Groups and in Plenary meetings.
On January 1, 2003, the international certification system came into effect, worldwide.
Official Kimberley Process Site
UN Security Council Resolution in support of the Kimberley Process - scroll to Resolution 1459
The Essential Guide to Implementing the Kimberley Process
Canadian Trade in Diamonds
Bill C-14 - Export and Import of Rough Diamond Act