|Frequently Asked Questions|
What are conflict diamonds?
Photo: RUF diggers in Sierra Leone, late 1990's Credit: Lansana Gberie
Where do conflict diamonds come from?
What is the volume of conflict diamonds?
What is the impact of conflict diamonds?
What’s being done about conflict diamonds?
The Kimberley Process International Certification Scheme for Rough Diamonds was adopted on November 5, 2002 by government delegates from 35 countries, plus those represented by the European Union and came into effect on January 1, 2003. The Kimberley Process was initiated by the Government of South Africa in May 2000, in an effort to grapple with the problem of conflict diamonds. Representatives of governments, the diamond industry and non-governmental organizations have participated in the series of meetings which resulted in the development of the International Certification Scheme for Rough Diamonds.
Partnership Africa Canada, through the Diamonds and Human Security Project, is one of several non-governmental organizations which have undertaken policy research, education programs and advocacy activities about diamond-related conflict in Africa. The Diamonds and Human Security Project publishes a quarterly newsletter about the international effort to end conflict diamonds - Other Facets and has issued a number of Occasional Papers on the topic – including reports on Guinea, Southern Africa, Canada, Congo, Sierra Leone and India.
Are conflict diamonds still an issue?
The Kimberley Process is a beginning for addressing the issue of conflict diamonds. However, it will not halt the trade in conflict diamonds unless it develops procedures for regular independent monitoring of all national control systems. Action by governments of diamond producing, trading and processing countries in concert with the diamond industry is required to end the scourge of conflict diamonds.